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Why did England and Spain go to war in the 1560s?

Why did England and Spain go to war in the 1560s?

In the 1560s, Philip II of Spain was faced with increasing religious disturbances as Protestantism gained adherents in his domains in the Low Countries. As a defender of the Catholic Church, he sought to suppress the rising Protestant movement in his territories, which eventually exploded into open rebellion in 1566.

What were two reasons Spain could give to legitimize going to war with England?

The reasons that led Philip II to the war were economic, political and religious: In the politically aspect, the growing power of the Spanish Monarchy (which in 1580 had annexed the Portuguese dominions , was constantly expanding in America , and had the support of the Habsburgs in Germany and the Italian princes) was …

Why were the English able to defeat the Spanish Armada?

While the Armada tried to get in touch with the Spanish army, the English ships attacked fiercely. However, an important reason why the English were able to defeat the Armada was that the wind blew the Spanish ships northwards.

What were the reasons for the Spanish Armada?

Spain attacked England for several reasons: Religion: Spain was Catholic and King Philip wanted England to become Catholic again. Military: Elizabeth had sent troops to help Dutch rebels fighting Spain in the Netherlands. Pirates: Elizabeth encouraged Drake and others to attack Spanish ships and ports.

What is the Spanish Armada and why is it important?

The Spanish Armada was an enormous 130-ship naval fleet dispatched by Spain in 1588 as part of a planned invasion of England. The defeat of the Spanish Armada led to a surge of national pride in England and was one of the most significant chapters of the Anglo-Spanish War.

What were the effects of the Spanish Armada?

The defeat of the Armada was a major turning point in English history. It saved the throne of Elizabeth I and guaranteed English independence from Spain. The Spanish saw the invasion as a crusade and one that would stamp out the heresy of Protestantism in England.

What effect did the defeat of the Spanish Armada have on England and the future United States?

What effect did the defeat of the Spanish Armada have on England and the future United States? Since the Spanish were to weak from the defeat, England became “The Mistress of the Sea”, which lead to colonization in the new world without the threat of the Spanish.It allowed protestant England to colonize in the US.

What was one effect of England’s victory over the Spanish Armada quizlet?

The significance of England’s defeat of the Spanish armada was that it ended Spain’s domination of the Atlantic. Why did the Dutch revolt against Spain? Because Philip raised taxes and took steps to crush Protestantism. The Dutch revolted and to punish Spain, Philip executed 1,500 Protestants.

What did the defeat of the Spanish Armada by the English navy in July 1588 mean for England quizlet?

-England’s victory over Spanish forces established England as an emerging sea power; it was one of the great achievements of Queen Elizabeth I. -Deafeat helped bring the decline of Spanish empire.

What was a cause or result of England’s conflict with Spain in the late 1500s?

A. England was forced to give up Protestantism and restore Catholicism as the official religion. Spain lost its dominance of the seas after England defeated its fleet, the Armada. …

What was a result of the defeat of the Spanish Armada quizlet?

England defeated Spain. England remained independent and protestant. The World saw that Spain could be beaten and led to other countries challenging Spain and colonizing NA. You just studied 11 terms!

Why did Spain try to invade England quizlet?

What were some causes of Spain’s invasion of England? Phillip II wanted to make England a catholic nation again (after Elizabeth took over). English tried to establish a colony in the New World, which Spain claimed as theirs under the Treaty of Tordesillas.

Why did Spain send an armada to invade England quizlet?

The Spanish monarch, Philip II, was angry that Queen Elizabeth had not punished Sir Francis Drake and other English seadogs for plundering Spanish ships. Philip was a devout Catholic. He felt it was his duty to invade and conquer England in order to convert the country back to the Church of Rome.

How many soldiers did the English have in the Spanish Armada?

On 28 May 1588, the Armada set sail from Lisbon and headed for the English Channel. The fleet was composed of 130 ships, 8,000 sailors and 18,000 soldiers, and bore 1,500 brass guns and 1,000 iron guns.

How many English died in the Spanish Armada?

Casualties of battle England lost just 100 men compared the 20,000 men and 51 ships lost by the Spanish. However, despite England’s victory several thousand English sailors and soldiers were malnourished, and died from illness and disease in the weeks following the battle.

Why was it important to emphasize the presence of Queen Elizabeth with the troops?

The soldiers were meant to feel the inspiration and the love that Queen Elizabeth the I had for her people and that she was unwilling to give up in the face of battle. She repeats this phrase to emphasize the connection and love she has with her subjects and to remind them that she cares for them deeply.